Wednesday, July 7, 2010

02 - Opening & Ending PHP Tags

To open a block of PHP code in a page you can use one of these four sets of opening and closing tags

Opening TagClosing Tag



The first pair (and ?>) is called short tags. You should avoid using short tags in your application especially if it's meant to be distributed on other servers. This is because short tags
are not always supported ( though I never seen any web host that don't support it ). Short tags are only available only explicitly enabled setting the short_open_tag value to On in the PHP configuration file php.ini.

So, for all PHP code in this website I will use the second pair, and ?>.

Now, for the first example create a file named hello.php
( you can use NotePad or your favorite text editor ) and put it in your web servers root directory. If you use Apache the root directory is APACHE_INSTALL_DIR\htdocs, with APACHE_INSTALL_DIR is the directory where you install Apache. So if you install Apache on

C:\Program Files\Apache Group\Apache2\htdocs then you put hello.php in
C:\Program Files\Apache Group\Apache2\htdocs

Example :

Source code : hello.phps

My First PHP Page

echo "

Hello World, How Are You Today?



To view the result start Apache then open your browser and go to
or You should
see something like this in your browser window.

The example above shows how to insert PHP code into an HTML file. It also shows the echo statement used to output a string. See that the echo statement ends with a semicolon. Every command in PHP must end with a semicolon. If you forget to use semicolon or use colon instead after a command you will get an error message like this

Parse error: parse error, unexpected ':', expecting ',' or ';' in c:\Apache\htdocs\examples\get.php on line 7

However in the hello.php example above omitting the semicolon won't cause an error. That's because the echo statement was immediately followed by a closing tag.

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